Empowering Rural Women Through Education

By Jaya Shukla

The right to education is fundamental Human Right. Education is crucial for development of women. Rural women’s access to education and training can have a major impact on their potential to access and benefit from income-generating opportunities and improve their overall well-being.

Education without any doubt positively impacts the wellbeing of women in rural areas by enhancing their entrepreneurial skills and income.

Education among rural women also benefits the rural economy in form of increased agricultural productivity.

In developing countries, limited or no access to education for women is one of barriers that hinder overcoming hunger and providing healthy life for children.

Business people talking in meeting

Women education becomes a key determinant in their children’s survival and their maternal health. Lack of awareness is one of the causes of lack of education among rural women in developing countries.

Similarly, women education is very important for their welfare. Education has direct effect on income level.

Studies have shown that an extra year of primary school increases their wages by 10-20 percent.

Again education encourages girls to marry later, have fewer children, and educated girls are less likely to experience violence at home. This is even more relevant for rural women.

According to 2010 report by FAO, IFAD and ILO, women make up over two-thirds of the world’s 796 million people who are illiterate, and many of these live in rural areas.

Low literacy among rural women is a challenge for development in many parts of Africa.

Many rural women and girls in Africa do not know how to read and write as compared to male counterparts.

This gives rise to gender disparities and gender related violence.

“If you educate a man, you educate one person. If you educate a woman, you educate a nation”.

This development quote is quite applicable in relation to rural women’s education in developing .countries Educating women is widely felt and has strong spread effect in form of development to community.

An educated woman is able to educate her own children who, in turn, are more likely to receive school education themselves.

The family of an educated woman is likely to be healthier, with a lower prospect of infant mortality. Education also improves maternal nutrition during pregnancy and nursing.

Economically also education to rural women has effect in form of increase in savings and investment in rural areas. There will also be increase in agricultural productivity due to adoption of technology by women. Educated women can be asset as they are more innovative and also optimize on use of resources.

Source: allafrica.com

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