Senegal: Major Shift for Women and Adolescent Girls’ Nutrition

 Women and adolescent girls will have many reasons to celebrate with the launch today in Notto Diobass of a program to improve their nutrition status.


The Right Start program, managed by the Micronutrient Initiative (MI) and financed by the Government of Canada through a $1.7 million (CAN) grant (766,458,000 FCFA), is designed to tackle anemia head-on, which currently affects 60% of women and adolescent girl in Senegal.Right Start will also address neural tube defects in newborns, including spina bifida. Currently, more than 1500 cases occur every year.

Its approach is two-pronged: adolescent girls will receive weekly iron and folic acid at school, and flour fortification will be improved to ensure women and girls receive adequately fortified wheat flour.

“Women and girls bear a disproportionate burden of malnutrition, and adolescent girls in particular have long been overlooked,” said Joel Spicer, President and CEO of MI. “This project builds on Senegal’s leadership and Canada’s commitment to changing the status quo for women and girls – Right Start will aim to turn the tide.”

By 2020, more than 1.2 million adolescent school girls will have received iron and folic acid supplements in schools in Dakar, Kaolack, Kolda, Saint-Louis, Sédhiou, Thiès, and Ziguinchor.

Right Start innovates by creating a new package of services specifically designed to fight anemia in adolescent girls – currently non-existent.

In addition, hundreds of thousands of women and adolescent girls will be able to enjoy the benefits of fortified wheat flour in regions of the country where it is currently not fully fortified. Right Start will fill the gap by working closely with small millers.

The Government of Senegal is one of Right Start’s main implementation partners through three ministries: the Ministry of Health and Social Action, the Ministry of Industry and Mining and the Ministry of Education. In addition to supporting the weekly supplementation in iron and folic acid in schools, the Government will endeavor to strengthen legislation and control around the fortification of wheat flour, and to mobilize the various actors representing various sectors such as education, health, consumer protection and wheat flour production.

“Efforts deployed by our government are significant – mostly through the National Nutrition Development Policy, the National Health Development Plan, and the Policy Letter for Health and Nutrition at School” stated Awa Marie Coll Seck, Minister of Health and Social Action in Senegal. “Despite these initiatives, we recognize that so much more must be done to improve women’s nutrition, especially adolescent girls; MI has designed Right Start with that in mind, and the support received from the Government of Canada shows again a great commitment to development.”

For a number of years, Senegal has been out standing for its leadership in nutrition in the region, including Francophonie countries, through various ambitious programs and policies, and by supporting pan-African initiatives for change. In 2015, the country was host to a conference on agriculture and nutrition, organized by the African Development Bank, and helped develop an action plan to combat hunger and malnutrition for implementation across the continent.

Anemia directly affects teenage girls’ absenteeism rates and school performance. It is also a major cause of death during pregnancy and can lead to premature births and low birth weight, both factors that predispose newborns to health problems and premature death. The daily intake of 60 mg of iron for the full duration of pregnancy can reduce anemia by 70%.

Each year, 1,500 cases of newborns presenting neural tube defects associated with folic acid deficiency, including spina bifida, occur in Senegal – six times more than in Canada. This congenital malformation affects the nervous system, with possible irreversible consequences for the entire body. If all women of childbearing age took 0.4mg of folic acid daily before and at least during the first trimester, 42-87% of potential cases of spina bifida could be prevented.

The Senegalese program is part of MI’s global Right Start Initiative, which aims to accelerate progress towards better nutrition for 100 million women and girls by 2020.

The Government of Canada has provided $75 million (CAN) (33,814,300,000 FCFA) in anchor funding to support the Right Start Initiative, which will be implemented in eight other countries of Africa and Asia, including Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

About the Micronutrient Initiative (MI)
MI is a global leader on nutrition. We deliver high impact interventions and drive new approaches that contribute to the global effort to scale up nutrition. Every year, working in collaboration with donors, governments and partners, we reach close to 500 million of the world’s most vulnerable, especially women and children, with critical nutrition interventions.


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